Big companies hire ‘professional managers. The problem is they knew how to manage… but too often don’t know how to do anything without weeks of meetings and PowerPoints. Steve Jobs said, “you know who the best managers are? They’re the great individual contributors who never want to be a manager… but decide they want to be a manager because no one else will be able to do as good a job as them.

By portraying itself as a company with a heart, not just a lust for profits, McKinsey appeals to younger, idealistic students concerned about global warming, inequality, and racial justice. McKinsey has consulted for at least nineteen pharmaceutical clients — all subject to FDA regulation, but those companies may have paid a HUGE price.